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Elephant Behavior

Elephants are intelligent social animals. They live in groups called herds. These animals have a matriarchal social structure, the leader of the herd being an older female. Female elephants are very attentive mothers. Males live separately, alone or in bachelor herds. Elephants have keen senses of hearing and smell. Elephants can use low frequency sound waves for communication between them. They also use trumpeting to communicate. Elephants are herbivores. They eat roots, grasses, leaves, fruit, and bark.