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Elephant Reproduction


For Asian elephants, the gestation period is 20-22 months. Usually one calf is born. Male elephants will reach sexual maturity after 10-14 years, and female elephants after 8-9 years. For African elephants, the gestation lasts 22 months; usually one calf is born. Females reach sexual maturity after 10-11 years, and males after 10-15 years. A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 250 pounds at birth.