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Goldfinch Information

The goldfinch is any of the following bird species belonging to the genus Carduelis: American goldfinch (Carduelis tristis), Lesser goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria), Lawrence's goldfinch (Carduelis lawrencei), European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis). Three species can be found across North America: American goldfinch, Lesser goldfinch, and Lawrence's goldfinch. The American goldfinch has bright yellow to dull brown body, and dark wings with white bars. The American goldfinch is the largest North American goldfinch. It is up to 5 inches long. The Lawrence's goldfinch has gray body with a yellow patch on the center and yellow wing markings. The male has a black face, while the female is duller in color and has a gray head and face. Lesser goldfinches have yellow bodies. Males have black caps, black tails with white patches, a white patch on each wing and wings with two white bars. The Lesser goldfinch is the smallest North American goldfinch. It is 4-4.5 inches (10-11 cm) long. Females do not have a black cap, white patches on their tails, or bars on their wings. The European goldfinch has a red face, black and white head, and black-yellow wings. Females have a less red face than males.

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